While female combatants often experience personal and collective empowerment through their participation in resistance/liberation movements, in the wake of peace agreement they tend to become sidelined in their democratic leadership aspirations, or worse, stigmatised due to their gender and their former participation in armed/opposition activities.
Whereas their male comrades often undergo successful transitions to democratic politics, female combatants miss the opportunity to transfer their acquired skills and competences into effective contributions to post-war development and peacebuilding efforts through local (let alone national) economic, social or political leadership.
This is confirmed by the recent UN Global Study on the Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security processes, which noted that the exclusion of women from peace(building) processes undermined their sustainability, most especially at the community level.
This pilot project will identify a selected group of former female combatants who have managed to overcome such challenges and experienced successful post-war transitions to community leadership.
We will support their direct transfer of experience (1) with female members of the MILF in Mindanao, and (2) towards local and international organisations supporting the Mindanao peacebuilding process, on the subject-matter of these women’s agency, resources, opportunities, methods and support needs for gaining influence and power in local state-building and governance.
Aim and Outcomes
The objectives of the project are threefold. First, we aim to systematise and document key lessons learnt on women’s processes of (re)conversion from conflict stakeholders to local peacebuilders through social, economic and political leadership.
Second, we seek to foster a space for peer-to-peer learning and exchange between former female combatants from Aceh who underwent successful transitions, and women active in the Moro liberation movement in Mindanao who are currently undergoing post-war demobilisation. Third, we will offer these women the opportunity to share some recommendations to peacebuilding/development assistance staff, during a policy advice seminar and through a written report that will be disseminated to relevant agencies and organisations.
The project activities will be carried out in Aceh (Indonesia) and Mindanao (Philippines).