For over 50 years, Colombia has faced internal armed conflicts. In October 2012, negotiations with FARC, the largest guerrilla group, began in Havana, Cuba. Exploratory talks between ELN, another guerrilla group, and the government have now become official. However, paramilitary organisations still pose a serious threat to the country’s security, despite their (flawed) demobilisation in 2003.
The challenges facing the talks and the entire country are huge: around 5-5.5 million Colombians are internally displaced; 220.000 victims of armed conflict and the gross human rights violations committed since 1985 call for action. Drawing upon lessons from previously failed peace processes, the key topics on this peace talk agenda between the government and FARC include: rural development, political participation, ending the armed conflict, caring for victims and addressing illicit crops and drug trafficking. Input from civil society is currently organised in round tables and forums.
By advising and training the GIZ programme team of around 25 Colombian advisers, we bring our experience and skills to bear on a major development programme. We provide the team with space to learn and reflect and we support them in publishing lessons learned and good practices. We have conducted two training rounds on issues of process consulting and conflict transformation. By facilitating planning and strategy sessions and providing coaching, we have assisted the programme in enhancing its performance in its fast-moving and complex environment. We also developed a scheme for training dialogue practitioners. In the long run, after the programme ends in early 2015, they will be able to assume the role which CERCAPAZ advisers have long had for consultation and dialogue processes.
Participants have repeatedly expressed how their attitudes, perceptions and actions have shifted over time. They feel more confident in their role as external advisors or facilitators. For the multipliers trained as dialogue practitioners, the exchange of experiences and the joint learning have been inspiring. Beyond their enhanced capacities, is seems that the act of completing a formal training and receiving a certificate at the end heightened participants’ visibility and legitimacy vis-à-vis the stakeholders requesting their support.
By focusing on Colombian programme experts and key multipliers, we are helping strengthen capacities that will serve in Colombia beyond the duration of CERCAPAZ.
Our support has also resulted in:
- access to the lessons learned of CERCAPAZ for Colombian actors and international agencies,
- a series of publications sharing lessons learned from the programme in 2014,
- trained advisors with high methodological and reflective potential as future change agents (two capacity-building schemes on advisory roles and conflict transformation, each lasting one year and consisting of three training modules),
- dialogue practitioners trained with the programme’s national and regional partners (3 workshops in 2013),
- sound strategies and work plans for the programme.
Key Actors & Regions
We support CERCAPAZ in its work at the national level and in three programme regions: Caldas in the coffee-growing central region, Norte Santander close to the Venezuelan border and César in the North. In all regions and on all levels, CERCAPAZ works together with public authorities and administration and civil society organisations in various sectors - mainly victims’ reparation, the inclusion of youth and women in public planning and private-sector involvement. On the national level, the partners include for example the National Planning Department, the non-governmental network Redprodepaz and the National Unit for Victim’s Assistance and Reparation.