The former Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management started its engagement in the South Caucasus in 1997 when it developed the Georgian-Abkhaz informal dialogue process that became known as the “Schlaining Process” (due to the location of the first meeting in Austria). The goal of this track 1.5 process was to enable Georgian and Abkhaz decision-makers and other influential individuals to discuss all aspects of the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict in an informal and “off-the-record” setting. A total of 18 workshops, with around 80 participants each, were organised by the Berghof Foundation in cooperation with its partners.
While the Berghof Foundation left this particular format in 2006, we continued our track 1.5 work with a study-visit and dialogue format in other conflict regions. One example is Cyprus, where we organised two workshops with MPs, analysts and civil society representatives in the North and the South.
1997 – 2006
The informal Georgian-Abkhazian Dialogue was conducted jointly by the former Berghof Research Center for Constructive Conflict Management along with its international partner Conciliation Resources in partnership with Manana Gurguluia (Sukhum/i) and Paata Zakareishvili (Tbilisi).