Afghanistan: Fostering meaningful, effective, and sufficiently inclusive peace negotiations

The overall goal of this project is to support Afghan-driven efforts to resolve the protracted conflict and to restore sustainable peace. The project focuses on supporting our Afghan partners to coordinate and manage relevant institutions and, in doing so, to build bridges between the Afghan government and the society, as well as the government and opposition groups.

The project focuses on three objectives, namely:

  1. Enhance trust between conflicting parties, which will inject more resilience into the process and decrease the likelihood of break-downs;
  2. Generate the most-needed capacities and framework for peace on all sides by providing expertise in conflict analysis and negotiation skills as well providing mediation support;
  3. Contribute to enhance inclusivity of the peace process.



Afghanistan has witnessed a bitter period of instability and conflict since the 1970s. The communist revolution was followed by the Soviet invasion that led to a long civil war and the almost total destruction of the state system. The emergence of the Taliban followed by the events of 9/11 brought Afghanistan back into international focus. The US declared war on the Afghan Taliban. The US and its allies’ military intervention resulted in the fall of the Taliban government and the establishment of a new democratic system. Violence, however, has continued to be a daily reality in the country. The Afghan government and its international allies are fighting against armed opposition groups including the Taliban. The conflict has grown increasingly complex over time due to the involvement of and (often) competing interests at the national, regional and international levels.

Since taking office in September 2014 and since the formation of the National Unity Government, peace has been on the top of President Ashraf Ghani’s agenda. At the heart of a peaceful transformation of the conflict lies the establishment of a peace process. It is of paramount importance that a structured and facilitated dialogue between the Afghan government and its armed opposition is designed where the main issues of contention between the warring parties can be settled through political negotiations. It isin this context that the Berghof Foundation was requested by the High Peace Council to assist the Afghan government in creating capacity for peace in the country through the provision of research-based technical and process-related support focused on negotiations and strategic communication.

The project aims to deliver on the above-mentioned goals through

  • academic research and analysis;
  • assessment of relevant policies/strategies;
  • provision of targeted advice on specific aspects of negotiations when needed by the partners;
  • training and coaching including via the transfer of lessons learned from other contexts;
  • and the provision of imbedded support within the structures of the partner institutions.

Oct. 2016 Project launch

The project was officially launched in Kabul in October 2016. The event was hosted by the High Peace Council’s leadership in Kabul together with the German Embassy and the Berghof Foundation. It has kicked off with two fact finding missions and a stakeholder analysis as the basis for joint development of a tailor-made and context-specific approach towards supporting an Afghan-led peace process. more >

May 2017 Kick-off Workshop in Berlin

The project’s first big workshop in the form of a 5-day training took place in May 2017 in Berlin. The participants had the opportunity to engage with experts and each other on an array of topics ranging from peace negotiations to strategic communication and with input from several relevant cases from around the world. 

Nov. 2017 Study visit to Indonesia

The study-visit was comprised of a three-day workshop and facilitated discussions where the Afghan partners were given the opportunity to engage and reflect on the Afghan peace process with peers from Indonesia as well as experts from other contexts, who have played a key role in peace processes around the world including in the Philippines, Nepal, Tunisia, Colombia, and Thailand, among others. News >

Our main partner in Afghanistan is the High Peace Council (HPC). However, we also work closely with other Afghan government institutions that significantly influence the Afghan process. We also closely coordinate with the German Foreign Office and the German Embassy in Kabul in addition to the UN and other members of the international community that provide support for or are linked with the process.

The project is supported by the German Foreign Office.