Transitions Series

The Berghof Transitions Series includes case studies initially produced within the framework of the Berghof research project Resistance/Liberation Movements and Transitions to Politics: Building a Network of Experience. Since then, we have maintained this space in order to provide an opportunity for “insider experts” from resistance/liberation movements that take part in our research and capacity-building activities to reflect critically on their past or ongoing conflict transformation experience. The views expressed are those of the authors and contributors, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Berghof Foundation.

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Community Perspectives on Preventing Violent Extremism Lessons learned from the Western Balkans

Research Report

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Berghof Glossary on Conflict Transformation. 20 Notions for Theory and Practice

Glossary, 2019 edition

The 2019 edition of the Berghof Glossary revisits the main principles and approaches that we use in our work to supports people and conflict parties around the world. For a second time, our team has embarked on a joint exploration in order to chart a shared understanding of what it takes to create “space(s) for conflict transformation”.

Strategic thinking and conflict transformation. A reflection on and from the Basque Country

The disarmament and dissolution of the Basque separatist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, better known under its acronym ETA, is a unique example of a creative and unilateral transition to end armed conflict. After the collapse of the negotiation process between the Spanish government and ETA in 2006, an internal debate within the Basque pro-independence movement led to a change of strategy. The new direction eventually resulted in the disarmament and dissolution of ETA in May 2018. How did it come about and what lessons can be drawn from this case for other conflicts? This report looks at these questions in detail, based on in-depth interviews with actors who took part in this democratic transition process as well as on the direct involvement and experiences of the author himself. Urko Aiartza previously coauthored another Transition Series report on the Basque peace process, covering the 1958-2007 period and the various attempts at negotiation between ETA and the Spanish Government (Aiartza and Zabalo 2009). This report updates it, while concentrating more specifically on internal strategic decision-making, and highlighting the innovative aspects of the current peace process. Following an introductory section describing the need for creative, strategic thinking to resolve so-called intractable conflicts, Section 2 briefly references the collapse of the 2006/07 negotiation process between ETA and the Spanish Government, as this period is analysed more deeply in the aforementioned work. Section 3 focuses on the internal debate and the paradigm shift promoted by the Abertzale Left and its consequences. It describes the idea of unilaterality and its potential capacity to transform interparty dynamics. Section 4 focuses on the consequences of the previous strategic shift, mainly the end of the armed campaign and the opening of a possible scenario for talks. Section 5 analyses the stalemate that the transformation entered after the arrival in Government of the conservative Popular Party. It also analyses the ability of the Abertzale Left to try to overcome this stalemate through the opportunities opened by the new paradigm, and reviews the role of civil society in this new scenario. Section 6 focuses on ETA’s decision to end the armed campaign and the latest developments, as logical final steps of the paradigm shift. Finally, in Section 7 the author highlights some relevant lessons that can be learnt from this unique process.

Peace Prevails ...(Pashtu version)

transitions series 13 in Pashtu

Peace Prevails ... (Dari version)

transitions series 13 in Dari

Peace Prevails: A Review of the Process to Peace and Reconciliation between the Afghan Government...

Transitions Series No. 13

This study analyses the peace and reconciliation efforts of the Afghan government and the armed opposition group, Hezb-e Islami. It identifies enabling factors and limitations of the peace process, the resulting agreement and its implementation, as well as lessons learnt that can be used in future peace negotiations in Afghanistan. Hezb-e Islami was founded to establish Islamic governance in Afghanistan during the 1970s. It has been one of the main resistance groups throughout the various phases of armed conflict – fighting invading Soviet forces and the Soviet-backed regime throughout the 1980s and the civil war in the 1990s, battling the Taliban for territorial control and then, after the Taliban was ousted in 2001, combatting the Afghan government and its international backers.

Berghof Çatışma Dönüşümü Kavram Dizini.Teori ve uygulamaya yönelik 20 kavramlaştırma

Glossary

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Perspektivat e Komunitetit në Parandalimin e Ekstremizmit të Dhunshëm në Maqedoni

Country Case Study 1

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Перспективи на Заедницата за Спречување на Насилен Екстремизам во Македонија

Country Case Study 1

No description available

¡Mucha mierda!

Manual de Teatro Foro como herramienta para la prevención de la violencia con enfoque sistémico

Este Manual sirve como ‘vademécum’ para las personas y organizaciones que hicieron parte del proceso piloto de ‘formación de formadores’ en Teatro Foro (TF) como herramienta para la prevención de la violencia con enfoque sistémico, en Norte de Santander. Compendia las metodologías y facilita su aplicación ordenada. Es útil para cualquier persona interesada en TF, al dar un acercamiento comprensivo a los principales conceptos y técnicas de esta variación del teatro “En Teorama logramos hablar de la violencia haciendo una forma de teatro que nos pareció rara al comienzo, pero que luego nos ayudó a mirar nuestros problemas y a encontrarles posibles salidas”. Mujer participante del taller de formación en Teatro Foro. convencional, que consiste en invitar a entrar en escena a integrantes del público en un punto en el que la historia plantea un conflicto, para que actúen su propia manera de tramitarlo y así cada quien pase de ser espectador o espectadora pasivo/a, a convertirse en ‘espectactor’ o ‘espectactriz’ activo/a; que hace un aporte transformador y propicia el foro y el debate constructivo.