What will happen after the signing of the peace agreement? What can Colombia learn from other countries for the post-agreement period? These, as well as other questions were discussed by Barbara Unger, head of Berghof Foundation's Latin America Programme, and Lothar Witte, country representative of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation in Colombia, with Mirjam Gehrke of Deutsche Welle as moderator. The discussion was part of the "Series of Peace and Security in Times of Global Change" organized in cooperation with the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and took a glance at the ongoing peace negotiations on the armed conflict in Colombia that has lasted for more than 50 years. Special attention was paid to the role of women, who are victims, guerrilla fighters and active in peacebuilding and at the negotiation table. Another theme was the role of paramilitary groups, whose presence will be a huge challenge after signing the peace agreement. Experiences and lessons learned from other peace negotiations and processes were reflected upon, such as Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration (DDR) of the combatants, as well as the Security Sector Reform and other topics related to the political will and participatory implementation.