On July 26th, 2017, Programme Director Véronique Dudouet participated in a panel discussion at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) entitled “People Power’ and Peacebuilding: Can They Collaborate?”, where she presented her recent ICNC Special Report “Powering to Peace: Integrated Civil Resistance and Peacebuilding Strategies”. This paper explores the complementary roles of nonviolent resistance and peacebuilding for conflict transformation and the pursuit of just peace. It describes how these two approaches can work in tandem throughout the four main stages of transformation of asymmetric conflicts. Concrete examples are provided to illustrate the respective functions of constructive conflict (through civil resistance) and conflict mitigation (through peacebuilding) in transitions from latent to overt conflict, from resistance to dialogue and negotiation, and from conflict settlement to sustainable peace. The video recording of the panel discussion can be accessed through the USIP website: https://www.usip.org/events/people-power-and-peacebuilding-can-they-collaborate.