As 2020 begins, we take a quick look back at a few highlights from our work in 2019.
After decades of armed conflict, Afghanistan took important steps toward peace in July, when representatives of the Afghan government and society and of the Taliban movement met in their personal capacity for a dialogue in Doha. The Berghof Foundation was invited to facilitate closed-door sessions that represent the first genuine dialogue between the different Afghan actors. Participants issued a joint resolution in which they outlined steps towards future intra-Afghan negotiations.
Starting a dialogue is difficult if governments insist on excluding certain actors – as has often been the case toward Islamist violent extremists. Contrary to the notion that these actors are impossible to negotiate with, our recent research into Salafi Jihadi Armed Groups shows that various forms of dialogue have occurred in places as diverse as Mali, Somalia and Syria, indicating potential paths toward de-escalation.
When the Basque separatist group ETA unilaterally disarmed and dissolved itself in 2018, it showcased another possible avenue of conflict de-escalation. A new title in our Transitions Series explored how ETA’s shift came about and the lessons that can be drawn from it for other conflicts.
Throughout the year we continued our long-standing support to dialogue among Yemen's conflicting parties, while deepening our on-the-ground work to improve local governance in the country. Since national institutions have been shaken by years of conflict, local authorities have become increasingly important in terms of service provision and community safety. By encouraging the resolution of local-level conflicts, our work is enabling small but concrete steps toward alleviating the humanitarian crisis in the country – such as the re-opening of a community clinic serving some 6,000 people.
In February, leading up to the European Parliament elections, we joined an alliance of 110 European organisations and institutions calling for a European Union unconditionally committed to peace and human rights. The alliance criticised EU plans to invest billions into arms research and military cooperation with countries that actively engage in warfare and human rights violations, and is calling for multi-billion euro investments in non-violent conflict transformation, peacebuilding, and the promotion of human rights and democracy.
We’re excited about the year ahead. Check our website and social media for regular updates as we commence several new projects and continue our ongoing work to build sustainable peace.