Transitions Series

The Berghof Transitions Series includes case studies initially produced within the framework of the Berghof research project Resistance/Liberation Movements and Transitions to Politics: Building a Network of Experience. Since then, we have maintained this space in order to provide an opportunity for “insider experts” from resistance/liberation movements that take part in our research and capacity-building activities to reflect critically on their past or ongoing conflict transformation experience. The views expressed are those of the authors and contributors, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Berghof Foundation.


Strategic thinking and conflict transformation. A reflection on and from the Basque Country

If one analyses the Basque peace process, we can see the development of what Ramsbotham calls “collective strategic thinking by the main identity groups”, in this case the Basque Abertzale Left, “firstly about, where are they? where do they want to be? how do they get there?” (ibid.). But why would conflict parties engage in this when the others are not prepared for conflict resolution? The Basque process can be analysed in terms of strategic thinking inside the Basque liberation movement as well as sections of Basque society with which the movement interacts. This study also focuses on the creative role and intervention of external actors supporting or helping these internal transformations. The paper demonstrates that beyond the involvement of mediators and facilitators trying to facilitate dialogue and negotiation between conflicting sides, third-party actors can also support and encourage strategic thinking within conflict parties. In the Basque conflict, as a consequence of the previous 2005-06 bilateral peace process, international facilitators initially supported this internal transformation with the objective of opening a bilateral process, before helping to promote this new strategy in its full capacity.

Peace Prevails ...(Pashtu version)

transitions series 13 in Pashtu

Peace Prevails ... (Dari version)

transitions series 13 in Dari

Peace Prevails: A Review of the Process to Peace and Reconciliation between the Afghan Government...

Transitions Series No. 13

This study analyses the peace and reconciliation efforts of the Afghan government and the armed opposition group, Hezb-e Islami. It identifies enabling factors and limitations of the peace process, the resulting agreement and its implementation, as well as lessons learnt that can be used in future peace negotiations in Afghanistan. Hezb-e Islami was founded to establish Islamic governance in Afghanistan during the 1970s. It has been one of the main resistance groups throughout the various phases of armed conflict – fighting invading Soviet forces and the Soviet-backed regime throughout the 1980s and the civil war in the 1990s, battling the Taliban for territorial control and then, after the Taliban was ousted in 2001, combatting the Afghan government and its international backers.

Berghof Çatışma Dönüşümü Kavram Dizini.Teori ve uygulamaya yönelik 20 kavramlaştırma


No description available

Perspektivat e Komunitetit në Parandalimin e Ekstremizmit të Dhunshëm në Maqedoni

Country Case Study 1

No description available

Перспективи на Заедницата за Спречување на Насилен Екстремизам во Македонија

Country Case Study 1

No description available

¡Mucha mierda!

Manual de Teatro Foro como herramienta para la prevención de la violencia con enfoque sistémico

Este Manual sirve como ‘vademécum’ para las personas y organizaciones que hicieron parte del proceso piloto de ‘formación de formadores’ en Teatro Foro (TF) como herramienta para la prevención de la violencia con enfoque sistémico, en Norte de Santander. Compendia las metodologías y facilita su aplicación ordenada. Es útil para cualquier persona interesada en TF, al dar un acercamiento comprensivo a los principales conceptos y técnicas de esta variación del teatro “En Teorama logramos hablar de la violencia haciendo una forma de teatro que nos pareció rara al comienzo, pero que luego nos ayudó a mirar nuestros problemas y a encontrarles posibles salidas”. Mujer participante del taller de formación en Teatro Foro. convencional, que consiste en invitar a entrar en escena a integrantes del público en un punto en el que la historia plantea un conflicto, para que actúen su propia manera de tramitarlo y así cada quien pase de ser espectador o espectadora pasivo/a, a convertirse en ‘espectactor’ o ‘espectactriz’ activo/a; que hace un aporte transformador y propicia el foro y el debate constructivo.

El que previene primero, previene dos veces

Cómo replicar el programa ‘Prevenir Primero’, con enfoque sistémico para la prevención de la violencia, en otros municipios

El piloto introdujo conceptos, metodologías y herramientas del Enfoque Sistémico de Prevención de la Violencia, ESPV2, desarrollado por la GIZ3, y mostró la eficiencia de la cooperación multisectorial y multinivel en la prevención de la violencia, al desarrollar capacidades en personas e instituciones para gestionar intervenciones integrales y conseguir mejorar la percepción de seguridad en el caso particular de los barrios de Ocaña y Teorama en donde se trabajó. Los resultados positivos del piloto del programa ‘Prevenir Primero’ lo posicionan para su transferencia a nivel departamental.

Peace Process Support in Times of Crises. The National Dialogue Support Programme in Yemen 2014-16

A Project Report

The National Dialogue Support Programme's aim was to strengthen and protect the political transition process by supporting locally-owned and inclusive structures and mechanisms for political dialogue, informed decision-making and trust- and consensus-building. Yet, at the same time it had to respond to the political dynamics in Yemen which changed dramatically - and at times very quickly- between February 2014 and December 2016.