Unsere Veröffentlichungen

Unsere Veröffentlichungen dienen dazu, einen vertiefenden Einblick in die vielen Facetten unserer Arbeit zu geben. Dabei streben wir insbesondere danach, einen regen Austausch zwischen Forschung, Praxis und Lehre/Training im Bereich Konflikttransformation zu ermöglichen. Unser renommiertes Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation bietet hier eine ausgewiesene Plattform für internationalen Austausch und intensive Diskussionen. Darüber hinaus veröffentlichen wir in weiteren Reihen: Berghof Papers (Beiträge aus Forschung, Praxis und Politikberatung), Berghof Policy Briefs sowie Lehr- und Lernmaterialien in der Reihe Berghof Educational & Multimedia. Zusätzlich bieten wir ausgewählte Artikel, Projektberichte und andere Materialen an, die sich für unsere Partner in der Praxis als nützlich erweisen. Eine Vielzahl unserer Veröffentlichungen kann in unserem Shop gekauft oder kostenfrei heruntergeladen werden.

Dialogue with Salafi jihadi armed groups: Challenges and opportunities for conflict de-escalation


This report was written in the context of the research project “Salafi-Jihadi Armed Groups – (De-)escalation Trajectories and Dialogue Options” conducted by the Berghof Foundation from November 2017 to December 2019. Case study research was carried out on Salafi-jihadi armed groups (SJAGs) in Mali, Somalia and Syria.


Autor
Karin Göldner-Ebenthal & Véronique Dudouet, with support from Marie Migeon
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2019
Medientyp
PDF

Local Governance in Yemen. Theory, Practice, and Future Options


Over the course of several years, the Berghof Foundation and the Political Development Forum (PDF) have focused on strengthening inclusive local governance in Yemen. This work focuses both at the local level in Hadhramawt and Dhamar and at the national level, to improve inclusivity, relaunch the local political process, and engage a broad range of stakeholders in discussions about the current challenges and potential future shape of local governance arrangements in Yemen.


Autor
Joshua Rogers
Jahr
2019
Medientyp
PDF

Peace Process Support in Times of Crises. The National Dialogue Support Programme in Yemen 2014-16

A Project Report

The National Dialogue Support Programme's aim was to strengthen and protect the political transition process by supporting locally-owned and inclusive structures and mechanisms for political dialogue, informed decision-making and trust- and consensus-building. Yet, at the same time it had to respond to the political dynamics in Yemen which changed dramatically - and at times very quickly- between February 2014 and December 2016.


Autor
Oliver Wils and Sonja Neuweiler
Jahr
2018
Medientyp
PDF

Community Perspectives on Preventing Violent Extremism Lessons learned from the Western Balkans

Research Report

Translations from: Kosovo> - Macedonia>- BiH>


Autor
Engjellushe Morina, Beatrix Austin, Tim Jan Roetman & Véronique Dudouet
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2019
Medientyp
PDF

Berghof Glossary on Conflict Transformation. 20 Notions for Theory and Practice

Glossary, 2019 edition

The 2019 edition of the Berghof Glossary revisits the main principles and approaches that we use in our work to supports people and conflict parties around the world. For a second time, our team has embarked on a joint exploration in order to chart a shared understanding of what it takes to create “space(s) for conflict transformation”.


Autor
Berghof Foundation (Ed.)
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2019
Medientyp
PDF

Preis in €
10.00

The Elgar Companion to Post-Conflict Transition


Order directly from Edward Elgar Publishing >

What are the main drivers of political transition and regime change? And to what extent do these apparently seismic political changes result in real change? These questions are the focus of this comparative study written by a mix of scholars and practitioners. This state-of-the-art volume identifies patterns in political transitions, but is largely unconvinced that these transitions bring about real change to the underlying structures of society. Patriarchy, land tenure, and economic systems often remain immune to change, despite the headlines.


Herausgeber
Edward Elgar Publishing
Jahr
2018
Medientyp
Book

Strategic thinking and conflict transformation. A reflection on and from the Basque Country


The disarmament and dissolution of the Basque separatist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, better known under its acronym ETA, is a unique example of a creative and unilateral transition to end armed conflict. After the collapse of the negotiation process between the Spanish government and ETA in 2006, an internal debate within the Basque pro-independence movement led to a change of strategy. The new direction eventually resulted in the disarmament and dissolution of ETA in May 2018. How did it come about and what lessons can be drawn from this case for other conflicts? This report looks at these questions in detail, based on in-depth interviews with actors who took part in this democratic transition process as well as on the direct involvement and experiences of the author himself. Urko Aiartza previously coauthored another Transition Series report on the Basque peace process, covering the 1958-2007 period and the various attempts at negotiation between ETA and the Spanish Government (Aiartza and Zabalo 2009). This report updates it, while concentrating more specifically on internal strategic decision-making, and highlighting the innovative aspects of the current peace process. Following an introductory section describing the need for creative, strategic thinking to resolve so-called intractable conflicts, Section 2 briefly references the collapse of the 2006/07 negotiation process between ETA and the Spanish Government, as this period is analysed more deeply in the aforementioned work. Section 3 focuses on the internal debate and the paradigm shift promoted by the Abertzale Left and its consequences. It describes the idea of unilaterality and its potential capacity to transform interparty dynamics. Section 4 focuses on the consequences of the previous strategic shift, mainly the end of the armed campaign and the opening of a possible scenario for talks. Section 5 analyses the stalemate that the transformation entered after the arrival in Government of the conservative Popular Party. It also analyses the ability of the Abertzale Left to try to overcome this stalemate through the opportunities opened by the new paradigm, and reviews the role of civil society in this new scenario. Section 6 focuses on ETA’s decision to end the armed campaign and the latest developments, as logical final steps of the paradigm shift. Finally, in Section 7 the author highlights some relevant lessons that can be learnt from this unique process.


Autor
Urko Aiartza Azurtza
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2019
Medientyp
PDF

The Youth Space of Dialogue and Mediation. An Exploration


This exploration decidedly disengages from the prevalent discourses on youth, which are already quite well-covered in literature: ‘they are both troublemakers and peacemakers’ or ‘they are a special and potent category of peace agents, and therefore need to be empowered’. Rather, the focus of this exploration is on existing stories of dialogic and mediative efforts in the youth space, in an attempt to bring to light some insights usually left in the dark, and to stimulate a discourse hitherto absent. This is deemed particularly timely, given the inception of a myriad of initiatives since the adoption of Resolution 2250.


Autor
Mir Mubashir and Irena Grizelj
Jahr
2018
Creating Opportunities To Work With Diasporas In Humanitarian Settings


Diaspora organisations (DOs) are newly recognised actors in the humanitarian space. DOs respond to crises such as those in Syria, Somalia, and Nigeria, which have shown the limitations of the traditional humanitarian sector. Their contributions to emergency response are under-studied and, as our research shows, often misunderstood due to a gap in knowledge about their work. This report contributes to filling this gap. It sets out to understand how DOs contribute to strengthening humanitarian response in crisis settings. We explore opportunities to work with DOs in humanitarian action through six case studies of DOs operating in Somalia and Syria. Fieldwork was conducted in seven remote sites of humanitarian intervention,including in Nigeria, where DO actions are still limited. A context analysis for Nigeria provides an entry point into understanding the potential for DOs to contribute in the northeastern region.


Autor
Diaspora Emergency Action and Coordination (DEMAC) (ed.)
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2018
Transformative Approaches to Violent Extremism

Handbook Dialogue Series No. 13 - complete

Dealing with violent extremism (VE) has emerged as a central framework of analysis and policy-making in most Western and non-Western government agencies. It is also heavily shaping the programming of non-governmental agencies, not least due to the availability of related funding lines. While there is an undeniable need to address violent extremism, this latest Berghof Handbook Dialogue takes as one premise that more often than not, analysis and programming to date often fall short in understanding and tackling the root causes of the phenomenon. Our lead article proposes: "Ultimately, addressing VE is fundamentally about conflict transformation, yet CVE/PVE interventions are rarely designed to be transformative."


Autor
Beatrix Austin and Hans J. Giessmann (eds.)
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2018
Medientyp
PDF

Preis in €
7.50

Changing the past in our heads. A facilitator's guide to listening workshops

Educational & Multimedia

The history of this manual goes back to November 2012, when the Berghof Foundation’s Caucasus Programme gathered young people from Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia to learn how to record biographical interviews and discuss questions of history, memory and conflict. This was the starting point of a process involving Georgian, Abkhaz and South Ossetian stakeholders of war-memorialization: the “Berghof History Dialogue Process”.


Autor
Andrea Zemskov-Zuege & Oliver Wolleh (eds.)
Jahr
2018
Medientyp
PDF

From Power Mediation to Dialogue Support? Assessing the European Union's Capabilities for Multi-Track Diplomacy

Research Report

This paper presents results from the European Union Horizon 2020-funded project “Whole-of-Society Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding” (WOSCAP). It is one of three cross-country comparative assessments of EU capabilities for conflict prevention and peacebuilding with regards to various thematic 'clusters' of external intervention. The other two comparative studies deal with EU support for security sector reform and decentralisation reform. The empirical contents are primarily based on field research carried out by local partner organisations in Mali, Yemen, Georgia and Ukraine. For more information on the WOSCAP project, see the website http://www.woscap.eu/.


Autor
Karin Göldner-Ebenthal & Véronique Dudouet
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2017
Medientyp
PDF

Conflict sensitive refugee assistance (engl.)

Educational & Multimedia

Documentation of project activities “Nonviolent Education in Jordan 2016”


Autor
Dagmar Nolden & Cassandra Schützko
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2016
Format
DINA4

Basics of Dialogue Facilitation

Educational & Multimedia

This small booklet aims at providing some guidance, inspiration and practical tools for those who are engaged in the planning and facilitation of dialogue processes or who are advocating for dialogue as a means for solving conflict. Initially, the publication started out as a handout, sharing insights into setting up and conducting constructive dialogues around contentious issues specifically in contexts of violence-prone conflict. Norbert Ropers, together with numerous insider mediators and external experts, drew it together based on joint decades of experience in accompanying and facilitating such constructive conversations and negotiations. Its audience were first and foremost local practitioners. The "handout" subsequently met with great interest and has been translated into Arabic and in parts into Spanish and Thai. Among the wealth of works on dialogue facilitation and methodology, its simplicity and its focus on working in settings of political and sometimes violence-prone conflict settings have set it apart.


Autor
Norbert Ropers,
Herausgeber
Berghof Foundation
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2017
Format
Din A4

National Dialogue Handbook. A Guide for Practitioners


Grounded in a series of contemporary case studies, this Handbook aims to contribute to the nascent debate about National Dialogue, bringing together insights and expertise from diverse regions. In doing so, it seeks to present systematic reflections and offer practical advice. The Handbook thus supports conflict stake-holders and practitioners (both local and international) to grapple with the challenges they face and to pursue the most appropriate design for their particular context. Moving beyond simplistic approaches, the Handbook also seeks to provide an overview of National Dialogue processes, drawing from the expertise and practices of scholars and practitioners.

Conceptual and Case Studies >


Sprachen
English
Jahr
2017
Medientyp
PDF

Promoting Direct and Structural Peace Education in Iran

Peace Education Course - Manual for Trainers (engl.)

The peace education manual is the result of the cooperation between Berghof Foundation and the Tehran Peace Museum as part of the project “Promoting Peace Education in Iran”. It covers the main topics peace and peace education, violence and nonviolence, conflict and conflict transformation as well as global citizenship. Each section includes worksheets, ideas for the course conception and background material. The manual was specifically developed for Iran, but may also be used in other contexts as an introductory course to peace education.


Autor
Bauer, Isabella, Isabella M. Bauer, Uli Jäger, Yalda Khosravi, Elaheh Pooyandeh, Fateme Shadi Afrooz
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2016
Medientyp
PDF

Format
DINA4

Dealing with the Past. Supporting people-centred “working-through” the legacies of violence

Policy Brief No. 6

This policy brief hones in on the specific ways in which a people-centred approach to dealing with the past can be built from the ground up, complementing the previous Berghof Policy Brief no. 5. It works through the commonalities and differences between transitional justice, reconciliation and dealing with the past; and puts emphasis on the dual roles of the victims and their potential in either escalating or de-escalating violent approaches to conflict.


Autor
Beatrix Austin
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2017
Medientyp
PDF

Hitting the target but missing the point?

Assessing donor support for inclusive and legitimate politics in fragile societies

The International Dialogue on Peacebuilding and Statebuilding’s ‘New Deal for engagement in Fragile States’ (“New Deal”) of late 2011 promised an end to ‘business as usual’ with regard to development efforts in fragile environments. This report takes stock of the question of how bilateral and multilateral donors have conceptualized and implemented their commitment to promote ‘legitim ate and inclusive political settlements and conflict resolution’ (PSG1). On the basis of empirical evidence acquired through case studies in Afghanistan, Somalia, South Sudan and Timor-Leste, the report finds that, at best, donors work with an incomplete and inadequate understanding of the typically fragmented and highly contested politics of fragile societies beyond the formal representatives of their governments and administrations.


Autor
Erwin van Veen & Véronique Dudouet.
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2017
Medientyp
PDF

Friedensgutachten 2016 didaktisch

Educational & Multimedia

Jedes Jahr veröffentlichen fünf Friedensforschungsinstitute in Deutschland ein Friedensgutachten. Die Berghof Foundation (Programm Friedenspädagogik und Globales Lernen) hat zum zweiten Mal ein pädagogisch-didaktisches Begleitmaterial erarbeitet und veröffentlicht: Friedensgutachten 2016 didaktisch. Das Friedensgutachten 2016 didaktisch setzt sich insbesondere mit den Themen Flucht(ursachen), Kleinwaffen-/Rüstungsexport, Schutzverantwortung (Responsibility to Protect) sowie Radikalisierung/“Islamischer Staat“ auseinander. Es wendet sich vor allem an Schulen (Sekundarstufe II) und macht diese brandaktuellen, gesellschaftlich kontrovers diskutierten Herausforderungen mit Texten, Fotos, Karikaturen und Arbeitshinweisen als didaktische Handreichung zugänglich. Die Broschüre entstand in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Institut für Friedensforschung und Sicherheitspolitik an der Universität Hamburg (IFSH) und wurde von der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg, Behörde für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Gleichstellung gefördert. Es wird eine Schutzgebühr von 5,00€ erhoben.


Autor
Julia Oschinski & Nadine Ritzi
Sprachen
Deutsch
Jahr
2017
Medientyp
Hardcopy

Preis in €
5.00

Post-war Political Settlements: From Participatory Transition Processes to Inclusive State-building and Governance

Research Report

This publication presents results of the research project “Avoiding Conflict Relapse through Inclusive Political Settlements and State-building after Intra-State War: Opportunities, Approaches and Lessons Learned.”

More IPS publications>

Research Report in Spanish>



Autor
Véronique Dudouet & Stina Lundström
Jahr
2016
Medientyp
PDF

Preis in €
7.50

“Undeclared Wars”– Exploring a Peacebuilding Approach to Armed Social Violence

Handbook Dialogue Series No. 12 - complete

In some countries, more civilians are being killed by armed gangs and criminal organisations than in traditional combat. Still, these pockets of armed social violence – "undeclared wars" marked, among other things, by criminal, gang and/or urban violence as well as extremist violence – have long received much less attention than politically motivated forms of armed conflicts. As their effects — social-political destabilisation, in some cases coinciding with high numbers of victims — are becoming more pressing, national and international actors have begun addressing the phenomenon.

In this 12th Berghof Handbook Dialogue, the authors of the lead article, Bernardo Arévalo de León and Ana Glenda Tager, argue that the inclusive and participatory methodologies offered by peacebuilding provide an operational strategy that would allow the international community to engage successfully with issues of armed social violence. Five sets of respondents explore the actors, factors and dynamics of violence in different settings (among them Colombia, the UK, Nigeria, Mexico, Myanmar and Guinea-Bissau). They debate issues as diverse as the inter-connectedness of political, social and private violence, the need to work closely with government agencies, civil society and agents of violence, as well as the merits of specific participatory methodologies. They discuss what peacebuilding and other initiatives have achieved, and where they have fallen short. The Dialoge is rounded out by an introduction by the editors and a "response to the respondents by the lead authors".



Autor
Barbara Unger, Véronique Dudouet, Matteo Dressler and Beatrix Austin (Eds.)
Sprachen
English
Jahr
2016
Medientyp
Hardcopy

Preis in €
7.50

Krieg und Flucht im Unterricht

Educational & Multimedia

Zum ersten Mal seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg waren 2014 über 50 Millionen Menschen weltweit auf der Flucht. Die Folgen sind auch in Deutschland spürbar. Lehrerinnen und Lehrer sehen sich vor neue Herausforderung gestellt, denn eine wachsende Zahl von Kindern und Jugendlichen ist selbst aus Kriegsregionen geflohen oder hat Verwandte oder Freundinnen und Freunde dort. Für viele Schülerinnen und Schüler ist es aufgrund ihrer emotionalen Betroffenheit, der hohen Komplexität des Themas und der Nachrichtenvielfalt schwierig, Informationen über aktuelle Kriege und Fluchthintergründe weltweit einzuordnen. Hier setzt das vorliegende, für die Sekundarstufe I entwickelte Lehrmedium an. Es leistet mit einem biographisch orientierten Ansatz einen authentischen Beitrag zur Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Krieg und Flucht“ in Unterricht und Schule.


Autor
Verena Brenner
Sprachen
German
Jahr
2014
Medientyp
Hardcopy

Format
DINA4

Preis in €
10.00

Streitkultur - Eine Bilderbox. Konflikteskalation und Konfliktbearbeitung

Educational & Multimedia

Die Bilderbox ist aktuell vergriffen. Die Plakatserie wurde speziell für die Bildungsarbeit entwickelt. Plakate und Bildkarten sind Hilfsmittel um die Dynamik von Konflikten verständlich zu machen und Anhaltspunkte für Möglichkeiten der konstruktiven Bearbeitung aufzuzeigen. Die Bilder sind symbolhafte Verdichtungen, die sowohl auf der individuellen, der gesellschaftlichen als auch auf der internationalen Ebene verstanden werden können. Die Bilderbox enthält die Plakate Streitkultur und Konfliktlösung.


Autor
Günther Gugel & Uli Jäger
Sprachen
German
Jahr
2015
Medientyp
Imagebox

Format
6. Auflage, Eine Bilderbox (30,4 cm x 21,5 cm) enthält: 2 Plakate (DIN A1, vierfarbig), 9 Bilder (DIN A4, vierfarbig), Anleitung zum Einsatz.

Preis in €
20.40

Handbook

Handbook

Das Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation ist eine webbasierte Publikationsplattform, die regelmäßig erweitert und aktualisiert wird. Sie bietet Forscherinnen und Praktikern Raum, neue Ideen zu diskutieren und Erfahrungen auszustauchen. mehr >

Policy Briefs

Policy Briefs

Die Berghof Policy Briefs kommentieren konfliktbezogene politische Themen und Ereignisse. Ihr Schwerpunkt liegt auf politischen Empfehlungen für Entscheidungsträger der Politik, Meinungsführerinnen und einflussreiche Akteure der Zivilgesellschaft. mehr >

Educational & Multimedia

Educational & Multimedia

Die Berghof Educational und Multimedia Reihe bietet Lehr- und Trainingshandbücher sowie andere Lernmaterialen für die Arbeit mit Multiplikatoren (Lehrkräfte, Teilnehmende der Workshops und Seminare) und deren Qualifizierung in unseren praktischen Arbeitsfeldern. mehr >

Papers

Papers

Bei den Berghof Papers handelt es sich um ausgewählte, vertiefende Beiträge zu unseren Arbeitsfeldern, die von unseren Mitarbeitern, eingeladenen Assoziierten, Partnern und Gastwissenschaftlern verfasst werden. mehr >

Glossar

Glossar

Das Berghof Glossar für Konflikttransformation bietet Definitionen und Debatten zu 20 Kernthemen unserer Arbeit. mehr >

Jahresberichte

Jahresberichte

Die Jahresberichte bieten einen Rückblick auf die Höhepunkte eines Jahres und liefern Hintergrundinformationen zur Arbeit und Struktur der Berghof Foundation. mehr >

Titel

Constitution Making in Contexts of Conflict: Paying Attention to Process

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Carl sets the background of his study as such: Behind the headlines of reformed and new constitutions lie complex and dynamic processes with prominent and less prominent actors and initiatives, all taking place in same space and time as the ongoing crisis and conflicts. When successful, their actions add up to processes of constitution building that represent a new and purposeful dynamic of accommodation and assertion of a new law-based order. This transformative change emerges out of the counter-current of powerful and self-perpetuating economic, political and social systems of conflict. Within this background, Carl addresses questions like: what do we know about how such change processes happen, and what can we learn from those deliberate, planned and implemented projects, initiatives and interventions? He sets out a series of framing issues and concepts.

Stichworte: Constitution making, Constitution building, process, peacemaking, mediated peace negotiations

From Armed Intra-State Conflict to a Functioning Constitutional Order. Reconciling Principles of...

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Töpperwien focuses on third party interventions in the field of mediation and constitution building in conflict contexts. Based on different practitioner-oriented literature, she looks at the different processes and sub-processes around the nexus to analyse the theories of change and the resulting intervention strategies that focus on the transition from armed intra-state conflict to a functioning constitutional order. She identifies the perceived similarities and differences, tensions and complementarities in respect to applied principles that can be encountered.

Stichworte: Third-party interventions, mediators, constitution building, constitutional order, intervention strategies, intra-state conflict

The Imperative of Constitutionalizing Peace Agreements

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Nathan seeks to contribute to an understanding of the relationship between comprehensive peace agreements (CPAs) and post-conflict constitutions (PCCs). He defines a PCC as a new or revised constitution enacted as part of efforts to end a violent intra-state conflict and prevent its recurrence. This definition focuses on the purpose and not the timing of the constitutional reform. It encompasses constitutional reform that precedes, follows or takes the place of a CPA in an intended transition from intra-state conflict to sustainable peace. On this background, Nathan addresses three questions: How do conflict parties see the substantive and legal relationship between CPAs and PCCs when they are negotiating a settlement to end armed conflict? Why do the parties to a CPA frequently wish to constitutionalize their negotiated settlement in whole or in part? And what is the substantive and legal relationship between CPAs and PCCs after constitutional reform has taken place?

Stichworte: Comprehensive Peace Agreements, Post-Conflict Constitutions, intra-state conflict, constitutional reform

Interactions Between Peacemaking and Constitution-Making Processes in Burundi. A Stabilising or a...

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Nindorera analyses the regional mediation process of the Arusha Accords in Burundi. The process, first chaired by president of Tanzania Nyerere and then by Nelson Mandela, lasted for over two years and led to very comprehensive and detailed peace agreements. The following constitutional reforms, to a large extent, directly implemented provisions from the Arusha Accords after another complicated negotiations process which required further mediation by South Africa. Supremacy of either the Arusha agreement or the constitution was not specified which led to further conflicts. While the process has managed to end the civil war, it lacks legitimacy and it has not led to democratic governance. The case furthermore allows the analysis of ethnicity in peace processes, the impact of different mediation styles, the role of power sharing agreements, and the transformation of rebel groups into political parties.

Stichworte: Burundi, Arusha Accords, ethnicity, civil war, power sharing agreements, mediation, rebel groups, political parties

Les Interactions Entre le Processus de Paix et l'Elaboration Constitutionnelle au Burundi. Facteur...

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Cette étude sur les interactions entre le processus de paix burundais et le(s) processus d’élaboration de(s) la constitution(s) qui a (ont) suivi s’inscrit dans le cadre d’un projet plus vaste portant sur diverses études de cas similaires où des conflits à dimension politicoidentitaire ont conduit à des négociations de paix menées sous médiation internationale, qui ont abouti par la suite à des processus de réforme et/ou de changement constitutionnel. Au Burundi, la dimension politico-ethnique du conflit a été mise en exergue par les acteurs du conflit lors des pourparlers de paix d’Arusha. Le conflit armé étant notamment motivé par des revendications de réformes institutionnelles d’importance, il en a résulté une double dynamique interdépendante. Des négociations de paix engagées sous une médiation africaine ont tout d’abord amorcé une importante réflexion, suivie de la conception d’une ébauche de modèle de constitution.

Stichworte: Burundi, Accord de paix d’Arusha, élaboration de la constitution, conflit armé

Peace Accords and the Constitution in a Fragile Democracy. The case of Guatemala

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Sarti and Álvarez jointly examine the Guatemalan Peace Accords of 1996, which put an end to the 36-year long civil war that was characterized by a high civilian death rate and widespread commitment of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The content of and the process leading to the Peace Accords are analysed in relation to the constitution of 1986, which effected the transition from military rule to a democratic state, and the failed implementation process of the constitutional reforms envisioned in the Peace Accords. The analysis thus explores the interplay of the two separate yet partially overlapping transition processes (from military rule to democracy and from war to peace), the question of constitutionalizing peace agreements, and issues around shifting power balances between agreement and implementation, civil society involvement, and the use of referenda.

Stichworte: Guatemala, Guatemalan Peace Accords 1996, war crimes, crimes against humanity, military rule, constitutional reform, transition processes

Acuerdos de Paz y Constitución en una Democracia Frágil. El Caso de Guatemala

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Aunque instituciones y expertos/as han resaltado la importancia de analizar la influencia de la construcción de constituciones en los procesos de paz poco se ha publicado sobre este tema en Guatemala. El caso de Guatemala amerita un especial análisis, dado el tiempo que transcurrió entre el retorno a la democracia y elaboración de la Constitución vigente, y la negociación, firma e implementación de los procesos de paz: La Constitución actual entró en vigor en 1985 y el Acuerdo de Paz se firmó 11 años después, en diciembre de 1996.

Stichworte: Guatemala, Acuerdo Final de Paz Firme y Duradera, construcción de constituciones, procesos de paz, retorno a la democracia, elaboración de la Constitución

Peacemaking and Constitutional Change: Negotiating Power-sharing Arrangements and Identity Issues....

Towards Sustainable Peace: The Nexus of Peacemaking and Constitution Building

Stankovski looks at the case of the Republic of Macedonia and the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA) of 2001, which averted a full-blown civil war, the subsequent constitution making process, and the implementation of the constitution. He sees the OFA as an important example of a peace agreement, which implements policy of multiculturalism on constitutional level and establishes a complex power-sharing mechanism between the concerned communities. The Agreement was not only brokered by the international community, but also signed by the EU and the US as its guarantors, therefore classifying the OFA as a type of a hybrid, internationalised peace agreement. Stankovski probes into some key aspects around OFA, such as the dual track approach and the interplay between the political and security component; institutionalisation of the process; role of experts in the negotiations/mediation; and issue of terminology, constructive ambiguity and interpretation of the OFA provisions.

Stichworte: Macedonia, North Macedonia, Ohrid Framework Agreement, peace agreement, multiculturalism,

Improving Community Safety in Contested Spaces: A Handbook for Syrian Civil Society Actors (English)

The handbook is designed to help civil society actors in contested spaces and conflict settings provide safety for their communities. It outlines the key principles of the community safety approach and provides practical guidance on how to identify security challenges and how to implement strategies to counter them. The handbook was originally developed for civil society actors in Syria, but it can also be used in other contexts. The handbook is currently also available in Arabic.

Stichworte: Community Safety, handbook, conflict analysis, security providers, arms proliferation, casualties, shelling, local service delivery, armed groups, action planning, community engagement

Mapping of Local Governance in Yemeni Governorates

This mapping outlines the situation faced by the population in all 22 governorates of Yemen. We see this as a working draft and welcome any additions, corrections, or comments you might have. The mapping highlights the economic activities and resources that remain available and introduces the local administration and the situation of the local council in each governorate. It explores the extent to which different institutions of local authority — local councils, executive offices, and governors’ offices — continue to perform their mandates, and provides an overview of the availability of basic services, especially in the health, education, and water and sanitation sectors. The mapping is based on the review and analysis of documents, statistics, and official reports by Yemeni and international organizations, published studies and research, and interviews with local leaders in the governorates.

Stichworte: Yemen, local governance, Abyan, Aden, Amran, Al-Baydha, Capital City of Sana’a, Al-Dhalea, Dhamar, Hadhramout, Hajjah, Al-Hodeidah, Ibb, Al-Jawf, Lahj, Al-Mahra, Al-Mahweet, Marib, Raymah, Sa’adah, Sana’a, Shabwah, Socotra, Taiz