Our Publications

Through our public resources we provide manifold insights from our work. Our intention is to create mutually inspiring exchanges between academics, practitioners, teachers and trainers in the field of conflict transformation. Our Berghof Handbook for Conflict Transformation offers a distinct platform for international exchange and creative discussions. We also run several publication series: the Berghof Papers, Berghof Policy Briefs, as well as the Berghof Educational series. In addition, we also release multimedia materials and provide input papers, project reports and other resources, which we feel are useful to our partners in the field. Our resources can be purchased in our shop. Most publications are also available as free downloads.

Dialogue with Salafi jihadi armed groups: Challenges and opportunities for conflict de-escalation


This report was written in the context of the research project “Salafi-Jihadi Armed Groups – (De-)escalation Trajectories and Dialogue Options” conducted by the Berghof Foundation from November 2017 to December 2019. Case study research was carried out on Salafi-jihadi armed groups (SJAGs) in Mali, Somalia and Syria.


Author
Karin Göldner-Ebenthal & Véronique Dudouet, with support from Marie Migeon
Languages
English
Year
2019
Mediatype
PDF

Local Governance in Yemen. Theory, Practice, and Future Options


Over the course of several years, the Berghof Foundation and the Political Development Forum (PDF) have focused on strengthening inclusive local governance in Yemen. This work focuses both at the local level in Hadhramawt and Dhamar and at the national level, to improve inclusivity, relaunch the local political process, and engage a broad range of stakeholders in discussions about the current challenges and potential future shape of local governance arrangements in Yemen.


Author
Joshua Rogers
Year
2019
Mediatype
PDF

Peace Process Support in Times of Crises. The National Dialogue Support Programme in Yemen 2014-16

A Project Report

The National Dialogue Support Programme's aim was to strengthen and protect the political transition process by supporting locally-owned and inclusive structures and mechanisms for political dialogue, informed decision-making and trust- and consensus-building. Yet, at the same time it had to respond to the political dynamics in Yemen which changed dramatically - and at times very quickly- between February 2014 and December 2016.


Author
Oliver Wils and Sonja Neuweiler
Year
2018
Mediatype
PDF

Community Perspectives on Preventing Violent Extremism Lessons learned from the Western Balkans

Research Report

Author
Engjellushe Morina, Beatrix Austin, Tim Jan Roetman & Véronique Dudouet
Languages
English
Year
2019
Mediatype
PDF

The Elgar Companion to Post-Conflict Transition


Order directly from Edward Elgar Publishing >

What are the main drivers of political transition and regime change? And to what extent do these apparently seismic political changes result in real change? These questions are the focus of this comparative study written by a mix of scholars and practitioners. This state-of-the-art volume identifies patterns in political transitions, but is largely unconvinced that these transitions bring about real change to the underlying structures of society. Patriarchy, land tenure, and economic systems often remain immune to change, despite the headlines.


Publisher
Edward Elgar Publishing
Year
2018
Mediatype
Book

Berghof Glossary on Conflict Transformation. 20 Notions for Theory and Practice

Glossary, 2019 edition

The 2019 edition of the Berghof Glossary revisits the main principles and approaches that we use in our work to supports people and conflict parties around the world. For a second time, our team has embarked on a joint exploration in order to chart a shared understanding of what it takes to create “space(s) for conflict transformation”.


Author
Berghof Foundation (Ed.)
Languages
English
Year
2019
Mediatype
PDF

Price in €
10.00

The Youth Space of Dialogue and Mediation. An Exploration


This exploration decidedly disengages from the prevalent discourses on youth, which are already quite well-covered in literature: ‘they are both troublemakers and peacemakers’ or ‘they are a special and potent category of peace agents, and therefore need to be empowered’. Rather, the focus of this exploration is on existing stories of dialogic and mediative efforts in the youth space, in an attempt to bring to light some insights usually left in the dark, and to stimulate a discourse hitherto absent. This is deemed particularly timely, given the inception of a myriad of initiatives since the adoption of Resolution 2250.


Author
Mir Mubashir and Irena Grizelj
Year
2018
Transformative Approaches to Violent Extremism

Handbook Dialogue Series No. 13 - complete

Dealing with violent extremism (VE) has emerged as a central framework of analysis and policy-making in most Western and non-Western government agencies. It is also heavily shaping the programming of non-governmental agencies, not least due to the availability of related funding lines. While there is an undeniable need to address violent extremism, this latest Berghof Handbook Dialogue takes as one premise that more often than not, analysis and programming to date often fall short in understanding and tackling the root causes of the phenomenon. Our lead article proposes: "Ultimately, addressing VE is fundamentally about conflict transformation, yet CVE/PVE interventions are rarely designed to be transformative."


Author
Beatrix Austin and Hans J. Giessmann (eds.)
Languages
English
Year
2018
Mediatype
PDF

Price in €
7.50

Creating Opportunities To Work With Diasporas In Humanitarian Settings


Diaspora organisations (DOs) are newly recognised actors in the humanitarian space. DOs respond to crises such as those in Syria, Somalia, and Nigeria, which have shown the limitations of the traditional humanitarian sector. Their contributions to emergency response are under-studied and, as our research shows, often misunderstood due to a gap in knowledge about their work. This report contributes to filling this gap. It sets out to understand how DOs contribute to strengthening humanitarian response in crisis settings. We explore opportunities to work with DOs in humanitarian action through six case studies of DOs operating in Somalia and Syria. Fieldwork was conducted in seven remote sites of humanitarian intervention,including in Nigeria, where DO actions are still limited. A context analysis for Nigeria provides an entry point into understanding the potential for DOs to contribute in the northeastern region.


Author
Diaspora Emergency Action and Coordination (DEMAC) (ed.)
Languages
English
Year
2018
Changing the past in our heads. A facilitator's guide to listening workshops

Educational & Multimedia

The history of this manual goes back to November 2012, when the Berghof Foundation’s Caucasus Programme gathered young people from Georgia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia to learn how to record biographical interviews and discuss questions of history, memory and conflict. This was the starting point of a process involving Georgian, Abkhaz and South Ossetian stakeholders of war-memorialization: the “Berghof History Dialogue Process”.


Author
Andrea Zemskov-Zuege & Oliver Wolleh (eds.)
Year
2018
Mediatype
PDF

From Power Mediation to Dialogue Support? Assessing the European Union's Capabilities for Multi-Track Diplomacy

Research Report

This paper presents results from the European Union Horizon 2020-funded project “Whole-of-Society Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding” (WOSCAP). It is one of three cross-country comparative assessments of EU capabilities for conflict prevention and peacebuilding with regards to various thematic 'clusters' of external intervention. The other two comparative studies deal with EU support for security sector reform and decentralisation reform. The empirical contents are primarily based on field research carried out by local partner organisations in Mali, Yemen, Georgia and Ukraine. For more information on the WOSCAP project, see the website http://www.woscap.eu/.


Author
Karin Göldner-Ebenthal & Véronique Dudouet
Languages
English
Year
2017
Mediatype
PDF

Basics of Dialogue Facilitation

Educational & Multimedia

This small booklet aims at providing some guidance, inspiration and practical tools for those who are engaged in the planning and facilitation of dialogue processes or who are advocating for dialogue as a means for solving conflict. Initially, the publication started out as a handout, sharing insights into setting up and conducting constructive dialogues around contentious issues specifically in contexts of violence-prone conflict. Norbert Ropers, together with numerous insider mediators and external experts, drew it together based on joint decades of experience in accompanying and facilitating such constructive conversations and negotiations. Its audience were first and foremost local practitioners. The "handout" subsequently met with great interest and has been translated into Arabic and in parts into Spanish and Thai. Among the wealth of works on dialogue facilitation and methodology, its simplicity and its focus on working in settings of political and sometimes violence-prone conflict settings have set it apart.


Author
Norbert Ropers,
Publisher
Berghof Foundation
Languages
English
Year
2017
Format
Din A4

Conflict sensitive refugee assistance (engl.)

Educational & Multimedia

Documentation of project activities “Nonviolent Education in Jordan 2016”


Author
Dagmar Nolden & Cassandra Schützko
Languages
English
Year
2016
Format
DINA4

National Dialogue Handbook. A Guide for Practitioners


Grounded in a series of contemporary case studies, this Handbook aims to contribute to the nascent debate about National Dialogue, bringing together insights and expertise from diverse regions. In doing so, it seeks to present systematic reflections and offer practical advice. The Handbook thus supports conflict stake-holders and practitioners (both local and international) to grapple with the challenges they face and to pursue the most appropriate design for their particular context. Moving beyond simplistic approaches, the Handbook also seeks to provide an overview of National Dialogue processes, drawing from the expertise and practices of scholars and practitioners.

Conceptual and Case Studies >


Languages
English
Year
2017
Mediatype
PDF

Promoting Direct and Structural Peace Education in Iran

Peace Education Course - Manual for Trainers (engl.)

The peace education manual is the result of the cooperation between Berghof Foundation and the Tehran Peace Museum as part of the project “Promoting Peace Education in Iran”. It covers the main topics peace and peace education, violence and nonviolence, conflict and conflict transformation as well as global citizenship. Each section includes worksheets, ideas for the course conception and background material. The manual was specifically developed for Iran, but may also be used in other contexts as an introductory course to peace education.


Author
Bauer, Isabella, Isabella M. Bauer, Uli Jäger, Yalda Khosravi, Elaheh Pooyandeh, Fateme Shadi Afrooz
Languages
English
Year
2016
Mediatype
PDF

Format
DINA4

“Undeclared Wars”– Exploring a Peacebuilding Approach to Armed Social Violence

Handbook Dialogue Series No. 12 - complete

In some countries, more civilians are being killed by armed gangs and criminal organisations than in traditional combat. Still, these pockets of armed social violence – "undeclared wars" marked, among other things, by criminal, gang and/or urban violence as well as extremist violence – have long received much less attention than politically motivated forms of armed conflicts. As their effects — social-political destabilisation, in some cases coinciding with high numbers of victims — are becoming more pressing, national and international actors have begun addressing the phenomenon.

In this 12th Berghof Handbook Dialogue, the authors of the lead article, Bernardo Arévalo de León and Ana Glenda Tager, argue that the inclusive and participatory methodologies offered by peacebuilding provide an operational strategy that would allow the international community to engage successfully with issues of armed social violence. Five sets of respondents explore the actors, factors and dynamics of violence in different settings (among them Colombia, the UK, Nigeria, Mexico, Myanmar and Guinea-Bissau). They debate issues as diverse as the inter-connectedness of political, social and private violence, the need to work closely with government agencies, civil society and agents of violence, as well as the merits of specific participatory methodologies. They discuss what peacebuilding and other initiatives have achieved, and where they have fallen short. The Dialoge is rounded out by an introduction by the editors and a "response to the respondents by the lead authors".



Author
Barbara Unger, Véronique Dudouet, Matteo Dressler and Beatrix Austin (Eds.)
Languages
English
Year
2016
Mediatype
Hardcopy

Price in €
7.50

Title

Salafi jihadi armed groups and conflict (de-)escalation: The case of Ansar Dine in Mali

As violent conflict erupted in Mali in 2012, the Salafi jihadi Armed Group (SJAG) Ansar Dine quickly emerged as one of its main protagonists, and its leader Iyad Ag Ghaly retained a prominent role within the umbrella entity Jamāʿat nuṣrat al-islām wal-muslimīn (Group for the Support of Islam and Muslims, JNIM) formed in March 2017. This case study report analyses three strategic shifts undergone by Ansar Dine (and then JNIM), and underscores a non-linear evolution towards conflict escalation, both in terms of the geographic spread and level of violence. The study explores the organisational and ideological patterns contributing to this behavioural shift, as well as the role of external factors such as inter-party power dynamics and international intervention in constraining, incentivising or provoking Ansar Dine’s strategic shifts. The study concludes by exploring possible future scenarios for conflict de-escalation.

Salafi jihadi armed groups and conflict (de-)escalation: The case of al-Shabaab in Somalia

Since 2006 Somalia is caught in a spiral of violence and suffering from continuing attacks by the Salafi jihadi Armed Group (SJAG) al-Shabaab. This case study report asks under which circumstances al-Shabaab has reduced its violent behaviour in the past and explores the experiences and options for third party dialogue engagement. Outlining al-Shabaab’s development, the report analyses three strategic shifts of behavioural de-escalation identifying the organisational, ideological and external factors that contributed to the de-escalation. On the topic of dialogue engagement, the report maps past experiences, entry points and challenges for negotiations. Findings point to an opening in favour of negotiations as the military stalemate continues and highlights the important role of the Somali civil society for creating space for conflict transformation. Considering the lack of success of military approaches in defeating al-Shabaab and the very limited efforts of dialogue engagement with the SJAG, the report poses the question if al-Shabaab’s de-escalation is even possible without dialogue engagement?

Salafi jihadi armed groups and conflict (de-)escalation: The case of Ahrar al-Sham in Syria

In the Syrian civil war, the Salafi jihadi armed group Ahrar al-Sham was one of the largest and most powerful non-state armed groups. This report outlines the development of Ahrar al-Sham and explores the conditions that led to its de-escalation and analyses as a second step the role and challenges of dialogue engagement. The report analyses three strategic shifts of de-escalation and the organisational, ideological and external factors that contributed to these shifts. The report then outlines the experiences of third-party dialogue efforts with Ahrar al-Sham, analysing the challenges of such endeavours for third parties but also for Ahrar al-Sham. As a borderline Salafi jihadi armed group that was not terror listed, the report offers valuable insights into the challenges of negotiations with more extreme Salafi jihadi armed groups. In the case of Ahrar al-Sham the main challenges resulted from the internal group dynamics and the rivalry with other insurgents on the Salafi jihadi spectrum.

Dialogue with Salafi jihadi armed groups: Challenges and opportunities for conflict de-escalation

This report was written in the context of the research project “Salafi-Jihadi Armed Groups – (De-)escalation Trajectories and Dialogue Options” conducted by the Berghof Foundation from November 2017 to December 2019. Case study research was carried out on Salafi-jihadi armed groups (SJAGs) in Mali, Somalia and Syria.

Conflict Assessment, Galmudug State: An Analysis of Local Perspectives

This study investigated the nature and dynamics of conflicts in Galmudug State. The assessment ex-amined the various conflicts that exist in the state and the key actors that play a central role in these conflicts. The assessment also examined the conflict resolution mechanisms that are used to resolve local conflicts in Galmudug State, and the actors that play an important role in conflict resolution and reconciliation processes. Furthermore, we examined opinions and attitudes on topics such as federal-ism, the 4.5 system and overall political participation in Galmudug State. Lastly, the study investigated the various challenges to conflict resolution and reconciliation processes as well as the urgent needs of the citizens of Galmudug State with regard to peace and conflict.

Warbixin ku saabsan Qiimeynta Khilaafka ee Dowlad Goboledka Galmudug: Falanqayn Ku Saabsan Deeganka...

Daraasadaan waxay baaris ku sameysay nooca iyo habka is rogrogidda khilaafaadka Galmudug. Qiimeyntu waxay baartay khilaafaad kala duwan oo gobolka ka dhex jira iyo jilayaasha doorka ugu muhiimsan. Waxaa kale oo ay qiimeyntu baartay habkii horay khilaafka Galmudug loogu xallin jiray, iyo jilayaasha doorka muhiimka ah ka ciyaara xallinta khilaafka iyo geedi-socodka dib u heshiisiinta. Intaa waxaa dheer in aan baarnay fikrada iyo aragtiyo ay ka mid yihiin federaal, nidaamka 4.5 iyo guud ahaan ka qeybgalka siyaasadda Galmudug. Ugu dambeyntii, daraasadaan waxay baartay caqabada kala duwan oo ku gudban xallinta khilaafka iyo geedi-socodka dib u heshiisiinta, iyo sidoo kale, baahida deg degga ah ee uu shacabka reer Galmudug qabo markii loo eego nabad iyo khilaaf.

SIPRI Yearbook 2019. Armaments, Disarmaments and Internatinal Security

Kurzfassung Deutsch

Das SIPRI Yearbook 2019 verbindet Originaldaten aus Bereichen wie weltweiten Militärausgaben, internationalen Waffentransfers, Rüstungsproduktion, Nuklearstreitkräften, bewaffneten Konflikten und multilateralen Friedenseinsätzen mit aktuellen Analysen wichtiger Aspekte der Rüstungskontrolle, des Friedens und der internationalen Sicherheit. Diese Broschüre fasst den Inhalt des SIPRI Yearbook 2019 zusammen und bietet eine Auswahl der darin enthaltenen Daten und Analysen.

"Insistimos en la paz": roles, retos y oportunidades de la sociedad civil colombiana e internacional...

Hispano-Americana 64, edited by Roland Spiller / Thomas Schreijäck

From a practitioners' view, the article analyses Colombian civil society's role in the peace process against general functions of civil society, especially in peace processes. Colombia's vibrant and diverse organizations play different and potentially complementary rotes, while reflecting the country's dividing lines along levels, regions, and ideology. In Berghof Foundation's conflict transformation work, civil society actors co-shape, even in less visible rotes than other sectors, various elements of the peace process acting, among other roles, as watch dogs, incubators for democracy, intermediators, dialogue practitio­ ners, and in peace infrastructures.

Community Perspectives on Violent Extremism: Strengthening local factors of social resilience

Policy Brief No. 9

Dealing with violent extremism (VE) has emerged as a central framework of analysis and policy-making in most Western and non-Western government agencies. It is also heavily shaping the programming of non-governmental agencies and research institutions. While there is an undeniable need to address the phenomenon, more often than not analysis and programming fall short in understanding and tackling its root causes, factors, actors and systemic dynamics.

Improving Community Safety in Contested Spaces. A Handbook for Syrian Civil Society Actors

The handbook is designed to help civil society actors in contested spaces and conflict settings provide safety for their communities. It outlines the key principles of the community safety approach and provides practical guidance on how to identify security challenges and how to implement strategies to counter them. The handbook was originally developed for civil society actors in Syria, but it can also be used in other contexts. The handbook is currently only available in Arabic.