Policy Briefs

Commentary on conflict-related political issues and events, with a focus on policy recommendations for political decision-makers, opinion-formers and influential civil society actors.


SIPRI Yearbook 2018. Armaments, Disarmaments and Internatinal Security

Kurzfassung Deutsch

Diese Broschüre fasst die 49. Ausgabe des SIPRI Yearbook, welches die Entwicklungen von 2017 aufzeigt. Als autoritative und unabhängige Quelle liefert es Daten und Analysen zu den Themen Rüstung, Abrüstung und internationale Sicherheit und bietet einen Überblick über Entwicklungen in den Bereichen internationale Sicherheit, Waffentechnologien, Militärausgaben, Rüstungshandel und -produktion sowie bewaffnete Konflikte. Bestrebungen zur Kontrolle konventioneller, nuklearer, chemischer und biologischer Waffen werden hier ebenfalls thematisiert.

The Elgar Companion to Post-Conflict Transition

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What are the main drivers of political transition and regime change? And to what extent do these apparently seismic political changes result in real change? These questions are the focus of this comparative study written by a mix of scholars and practitioners. This state-of-the-art volume identifies patterns in political transitions, but is largely unconvinced that these transitions bring about real change to the underlying structures of society. Patriarchy, land tenure, and economic systems often remain immune to change, despite the headlines.

Militias: a curse or a cure A study on factors constraining militia behaviour in North-East...

Research Report

The public and the academic debates about the pros and cons of militias are beset with controversy and tend to ask in general terms whether militias do more good than harm or vice versa. The academic research on militias made significant progress in recent years. However, the conditions under which militias perform better or worse from the perspective of the civilian population are still not well understood. Our paper sets out to explore the factors that contribute to a better or worse performance of militias with regard to civilian wellbeing. We use three waves of quantitative and qualitative survey data from North-East Afghanistan to test four hypotheses derived from our qualitative research. The four hypotheses relate to mechanisms which are expected to influence militia behaviour in the sense of making militias less threatening to the civilian population.

Transformative Scenarios Process. How stories of the future help to transform conflict in the...

Handbook Article

Scenarios are stories of possible futures. Human beings have always used stories to talk about things that are difficult, complex, or even taboo, to encourage a change in thinking, illuminate pathways, and inspire right action. Creating and telling stories about possible futures allows us to lift our gaze above our current stuck situations and polarized conversations into a longer time horizon and ask ourselves “what if?”This article is written from the perspective of a reflective practitioner with the intention to explore in particular the approach called “Transformative Scenarios Process” (TSP), developed by Adam Kahane, and its relevance to the field of conflict transformation.

Berghof Foundation Annual Report 2017

Our Annual Report 2017 sheds light on the highly relevant concept of multipartiality and its guiding role for our programmes and project work. We are convinced that it is a far more promising response to current conflict dynamics and challenges than the return to power politics and dominance. The detailed reports from our projects illustrate the diversity of our activities as a whole. They also reveal that multipartiality offers promising opportunities to make a positive difference in protracted conflicts and violence prevention by counteracting incentives to resolve conflicts at the expense of others and create new grievances.

Legal Assessment of the Local Authority System in Yemen and Proposals for Development

Local Governance In Yemen: Challenges And Opportunities

Local Governance In Yemen: Challenges And Opportunities

Local Governance: Engine for Stability in Yemen

Local Governance in Yemen: Challenges and Opportunities

Local Governance in Yemen: Challenges and Opportunities

The Importance of Local Governance in Strengthening and Supporting the Political Process in Yemen

Local Governance in Yemen: Challenges and Opportunities

Local Governance in Yemen: Challenges and Opportunities

Local Revenue and Resource Allocation

Local Governance in Yemen: Challenges and Opportunities

Creating Opportunities To Work With Diasporas In Humanitarian Settings

Diaspora organisations (DOs) are newly recognised actors in the humanitarian space. DOs respond to crises such as those in Syria, Somalia, and Nigeria, which have shown the limitations of the traditional humanitarian sector. Their contributions to emergency response are under-studied and, as our research shows, often misunderstood due to a gap in knowledge about their work. This report contributes to filling this gap. It sets out to understand how DOs contribute to strengthening humanitarian response in crisis settings. We explore opportunities to work with DOs in humanitarian action through six case studies of DOs operating in Somalia and Syria. Fieldwork was conducted in seven remote sites of humanitarian intervention,including in Nigeria, where DO actions are still limited. A context analysis for Nigeria provides an entry point into understanding the potential for DOs to contribute in the northeastern region.